Control Yuan Building

 Address:Geographical location : No.2, Sec. 1, Zhongxiao E. Rd., Zhongzheng Dist, Taipei City Longitude : 121.51989 Latitude : 25.045425
 Subject:AssetClassification : Historic Monument, AssetsLevel : National Historic Monument, Asset Type : Government Office



Originally built for the Office of Taipei Ting (a divisional level of local government in the Japanese colonial period) in 1915 (the 4th year of Emperor Taisho), the Control Yuan Building now houses the offices of the Control Yuan, one of the five branches of Taiwan’s government, an investigatory agency that monitors the other branches of government. In 1920, because of a political divisional restructuring, the level of “Ting” was abolished. Thus, the new Taipei Prefecture Office (Taihoku-shū in Japanese) became located in the same building. After the retrocession of Taiwan, the building was used by the provincial government as offices for both the Health and Education Bureaus. In 1958, the building officially became the location of the Control Yuan. Designed by Matsunosuke Moriyama, an engineer working at the Construction and Maintenance division of the Governor-General Office, the central dome of the entrance hall is surrounded by small windows for ventilation. Along the central axis on both sides of the building stand the guard towers, one on each side. On top of the main entrance door over the portico is a broken pediment bordered with a rich diversity of decoration. All the columns supporting its interior and exterior structures are in Tuscan Order. Inside the hall, a double flight main stairs and the surrounding corridors provide a distinctive form of ambience; standing in the atrium and looking up at the ceiling, we can see exquisite stained glass illuminating with gray sculpted floral patterns. Offices are located at the two angled wings. The Mansard roofs characterized by two slopes on each of its sides are composed of timber-frames and slate roof tiles, which have become an important feature for roof structures in Taiwan's modern architectural development.